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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 218-224

Assessment of association of periodontal disease status with obesity and various other factors among a population of South India


1 Department of Periodontology and Prosthodontics, Sri Sukhmani Dental College and Hospital, Dera Bassi, Punjab, India
2 Department of Periodontology, School of Dental Sciences, KIMSDU, Karad, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Periodontology, Yenepoy Dental College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Oral Pathology, School of Dental Sciences, KIMSDU, Karad, Maharashtra, India
5 Department of Periodontology, P.M.N.M Dental College and Hospital, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Siddhartha Varma
Department of Periodontology, School of Dental Sciences, KIMSDU, Karad 415 110, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2347-9906.146800

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Background: Growing prevalence of obesity has raised significant public health concern. Obesity has been implicated as a risk for several chronic health conditions. The association between obesity and periodontal disease (PD) has been shown in many studies. The purpose of this study is to examine the relation between obesity and PD among a population of north Karnataka. Materials and Methods: A total of 2,000 subjects aged 20 years and above was enrolled for the study. Periodontal status of the subjects was recorded using community periodontal index. Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference were used as measures to assess obesity. Other variables like age, occupation, smoking status, tobacco chewing, diabetic status, educational status, previous visit to dentist, sedentary/nonsedentary lifestyle, daily exercise and physical activity, family history of obesity were also recorded. Results: A significant association between measures of body fat and PD was found among the study subjects. In younger age group the prevalence of PD was significantly higher in obesity type-I category (odds ratio [OR] = 12.72 and 95% confidence interval (CI) 6.54-24.75) and obesity type-II category (OR = 10.83 and 95% CI 2.63-44.65), in middle age group the prevalence of PD was significantly higher in obesity type-I category (OR = 11.19 and 95% CI 4.85-25.84) and obesity type-II category (OR = 3.45 and 95% CI 1.46-8.15) and in older age group the prevalence of PD was significantly higher in overweight at risk category (OR = 12.52 and 95% CI 2.85-54.94) and obesity type-I category (OR = 2.47 and 95% CI 0.79-7.74) as compared to normal range BMI category. Conclusion: The prevalence of PD is higher among obese subjects. Obesity could be a potential risk factor for PD in all age groups.


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