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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 152-155

Prevalence of overweight/obesity among adolescents in urban and rural areas of Salem, India


Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Periyar University, Salem 636 011, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
R Parimalavalli
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Periyar University, Salem 636 011, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2347-9906.141142

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Introduction: Prevalence of overweight and obesity has been reported in developing countries, especially in urban populations. Prevalence of obesity increased from rural (12.8%) than in urban (14.6%) area and overweight in increased from rural (25.8%) than urban (26.3%) area in the age 14-16 years Surat, Gujarat. Objective: To ascertain the prevalence of overweight/obesity among adolescents in urban and rural area of Salem District, Tamil Nadu. Methods: The study was carried out at the Salem block in Salem District. Cross-sectional data were collected from November 2012 to March 2013. Anthropometric measurements were recorded among 1898 school going adolescents, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Multistage stratified random sampling design was employed. School going adolescents in the age group of 11-15 years who were studying 6 th -10 th standard were included. Area of residence was collected from the school register with the help of class teachers. Results: The overall prevalence rate of overweight/obese among adolescents was found to be 12.11%. The highest prevalence was observed at the age of 14 years (15.76%). The prevalence rate of overweight/obese was higher in rural (13.16%) than urban (11.33%) area. Consequently, the prevalence rate of overweight/obesity was higher in rural girls (15.88%) and urban girls (13.74%) compared with boys (12.18%) in rural and (10.45%) urban areas. The highest rate of prevalence was observed at the age of 15 years (14.42%) in urban and 12 years (8.30%) in a rural area. Conclusion: An increasing prevalence of overweight/obesity was seen in rural adolescents especially in girls. Hence, it is an urgent need for immediate and targeted preventive measures.


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