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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-29

Obesity in India: Opportunities for clinical research


Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Infection and Obesity Laboratory, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA

Correspondence Address:
Nikhil V Dhurandhar
Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Infection and Obesity Laboratory, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2347-9906.123874

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Obesity is a complex disease with a multifactorial aetiology and is linked with numerous adverse health conditions. Obesity research in the past several decades has generated considerable information about various aspects of obesity, including genetics, physiology, biochemistry and socio-epidemiology. However, effective strategies for obesity prevention, or long-term weight loss and maintenance, have remained elusive, as evident from the global presence of obesity. Traditionally, obesity took a backseat in India, when debilitating infections and undernutrition dominated public health concerns. It is now evident that an urgent and effective response is needed for treating and preventing obesity in India and health care professionals and researchers are stepping up to the new challenge. It appears that obesity in the Indian context offers unique attributes that could be investigated to develop obesity-management modalities of relevance to the Indian subcontinent. Even if India was somewhat late in joining the global obesity research efforts, it may be a blessing in disguise. It is not necessary to repeat research studies or approaches that have already shown limited value in controlling obesity at the population level. Instead, it may be wise to build on what has been learned about obesity. Some clinical research possibilities are discussed.


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